Official home of the President of India, The Rashtrapati Bhavan is located in New Delhi, India. But when we talk about ‘Rashtrapati Bhawan’, it may refer to only the mansion that consists of 340-rooms inside the main building. It comprises of the president’s official residence, halls, guest rooms and offices. Sometimes, the same name is used to refer to the entire 130-hectare area that additionally includes huge presidential gardens, large open spaces, residences of bodyguards and staff, stables, other offices and utilities within its perimeter walls.
History says that the main palace building was built after it was decided that the capital of India would be relocated from Calcutta to Delhi in Delhi Durbar, in the year 1910. Edwin Landseer Lutyens, a British architect was and a major member of the city-planning process was given the primary responsibility of the architecture. With colours and details inspired by Indian architecture, Lutyens’ design resulted out to be grandly classical overall.
This enormous building consists of four floors and 340 rooms with a floor area of 200,000 square feet. It is said that it was built using 700 million bricks and 3,000,000 cu ft of stone with comparatively less steel.
In order to emphasise power and imperial authority, the building was designed in an Edwardian Baroque style which laid importance on the use of heavy classical motifs.
The design process of this historical structure was lengthy, complicated and politically charged as Lutyens did not want to accept any kind of local building tradition, dismissing it as primitive.
But, after a lot of political debates, it was decided that sensitivity must be shown to the local surroundings.
Lutyens had to concede this and certain local Indo-Saracenic motifs were incorporated in the exterior of the building, though in a rather superficially decorative form.
In the centre is a tall copper dome that reflects both Indian and British styles. It stands out from the rest of the building due to its height. Situated right in the middle of the diagonals between the four corners of the building, it is more than twice the height of the main building itself.
A Peep Inside
A peep into this amazingly beautiful structure would leave you awe-inspired by the interiors done.
There is a yellow coloured Drawing Room which is for smaller State function and an enormous Durbar Hall, which was called the Throne Room during the British Era. It is now used for State functions that include programmes like award ceremonies.
There are also a number of Drawing rooms and they are known by colour shades used in them like yellow, grey, etc.
Along with all these is a State Dining Hall, which is now known as Banquet Hall with a capacity of 104 seats.
These were just a handful out of the 340 rooms that the house has. And those are beyond imagination.
Rashtrapati Bhawan: the most Powerful and Beautiful Home of the largest Democracy in the World